Many people have the misconception that Coffee beans are naturally brown. But that is not true. Coffee Beans stay green before they are roasted. When they are still in the tree, ready to be plucked, they have a grassy aroma and a beany texture.
When coffee beans are still green, they do not have any specific smell. But once the roasting is done, they develop 800-1,000 different aroma compounds. These compounds are what decide what the flavor of the coffee will be like. There is a practice called Roast profiling, which helps baristas affect and trigger specific compounds in the coffee beans, thus determining the flavor of the coffee.
Why is Coffee Roasting So Important?
In simple words, Coffee Roasting refers to the act of roasting coffee beans and turning them from green to brown. There are vast differences when you roast coffee at home and when you do it commercially.
Roasting is important because it determines how the coffee will taste like and what taste profile it will have. The entire roasting process can be divided into three distinct parts- the drying stage, browning, and development/roasting stage.
Coffee Roasters will go with the Roast degree that best enhances the coffee’s inherent flavors. Light roast results in more acidic coffee, and dark roast results in a bitter-tasting coffee. While roasting, roast time is another important factor.
There are multiple stages to the act of coffee roasting. And the time you give to the total roast time and the distinct stages determine what flavor compounds will come out. For example, fast roasting, which is done by roasting the beans at a high temperature, results in a coffee blend that has all the inherent aroma profiles enhanced. On the other hand, when doing slow roasting, the coffee oils and acids have more time to break down, resulting in a less acidic roast.
As far as roasting machines are concerned, there are various kinds of roasting machines for roasting coffee. And each of these machines has different thermodynamics of roasting, thus resulting in different tasting coffee. The most popular roasting machine in the market for small scale roasters is Drum Roasters. The Drum contains the coffee beans and is rotated in a circular motion with direct/indirect flame underneath it.
5 Best Light Roast Coffee Brands in 2021
Coffee Bros. Light Roast — Ethiopia & Colombia
The Coffee Bros. was started in May of 2019 by brothers Dan and Nick. Since then they have produced many variations of coffee, Including their light roast variation. Their light roast coffee is a delicious and ethically sourced coffee. Made from 100% Arabica coffee beans. This coffee has tastes of citrus fruit, honey, and florals undertones.
Through the lighter roasting process the beans retain more of their sugars and acids as well as a higher caffeine content. Due to the caffeine content, people with sensitive stomachs should be cautious and trying this coffee.
Fresh Roasted Coffee LLC
The Fresh Roasted Coffee LLC comes with an Artisan blend. One cup of this coffee will enhance your morning with its bright, crisp, and juicy notes. Thanks to the light roast, this coffee blend will always ensure a bright and flavorful cup of joe.
As far as sourcing is concerned, the Fresh Roasted Coffee LLC is made using freshly roasted coffee, Kosher certified, and sustainable source. This coffee is roasted, blended, and packaged in the USA. To reduce its carbon footprint, this coffee is made in an Environmentally Friendly Loring Roaster.
Ethiopian Sidamo Guji Coffee Light Roast
The Ethiopian Sidamo Guji Coffee Light Roast ensures a fruity and wine-like flavor with strawberry and cherry notes. It is mostly popular for its unique flavor and body. The coffee beans are sourced from a single origin in Ethiopia, Guji.
The coffee beans are sun-dried and naturally processed before they move on to the packaging stage. It is Kosher Certified and Sustainably Sourced. The entire roasting, blending, and packaging takes place in the USA. To reduce the carbon footprint, this coffee brand uses an Environmentally Friendly Loring Roaster.
Peet’s Coffee Costa Rica Aurora
The Peet’s Coffee Costa Rica Aurora is made using Top-rated Costa Rica, and Kenyan coffee. These two are combined in a sensational light roast. It includes flavor notes of citrusy confection. These coffee pods are Single Serve. But that does not mean they are single taste.
Whether you like a dark roast house blend, a light roast blend, or a variety, you can maintain your morning routine without having to brew a whole pot. This light roast coffee blend is mild & smooth.
Kuju Coffee Angel’s Landing Dune Zip Zinger
The Kuju Coffee Angel’s Landing Dune Zip Zinger makes brewing a pour-over coffee very easy. This coffee blend is made using 100% Arabica beans. This bold awakening dark roast is bold in flavor and aroma.
As far as convenience is concerned, the Kuju Coffee Angel’s Landing Dune Zip Zinger can be brewed within 1-2 minutes. All you need are a mug and hot water. Say goodbye to cleaning bulky brewing equipment.
Now you know about the best light roast coffee in the market. You also know why roasting is important and how it affects the final taste of your coffee. You have seen light roast coffee blends, as well as coffee pods.
Pick the one that best serves your needs. As far as the health benefits of light roast coffee are concerned, it is high in antioxidants. As a result, you will be protected against inflammation and cell damage when you start drinking light roast coffee.